Not really.

A study shows that only 11% to 14% of the community college students earn a bachelor’s degree.

More than 80 percent of community college students say when they start there they expect to continue on and eventually earn aย bachelor’s degreeย from a four-year college or university.

Yet most students fail in that goal, according to aย recently published studyย by the Center for Community College Research at Columbia University’s Teachers College. One-third of the roughly 720,000 students who enrolled in community colleges in 2007 for the first time and were seeking degrees actually transferred to a four-year school, and only 42 percent earned a bachelor’s degree within six years.

Among first-time, degree-seeking community college students overall, only 14 percent managed to earn a bachelor’s degree within six years, the study found.ย 

Why is it then on 11% to 14% of transfer student get a bachelor’s degree?

First, students lose interest and motivation in continuing their education. Many students have admitted that if they find a job while in school, they tend to lose motivation to study. In fact, some students attend community colleges for more than four years.

Second, after students transfer to four year colleges, those colleges rely on articulation agreements, often so heavily bureaucratic, inflexible and cumbersome that two-year graduates have no clear route to follow. With counselor to student ratios sometimes approaching 1000 to 1 at community colleges, students can find at best limited help to navigate a very uncertain path.

Third, aspiring four-year students often find that the rules change from institution to institution. At some, there are institutional guidelines to establish transfer policies. At others, these are policies reviewed by departments, or even individual faculty, that not only create confusion with changing standards but also inexcusable delays that discourage successful application completions. The problem โ€” there is no clear pathway to follow.

Nearlyย 50 percent of the studentsย enrolled in America attend community colleges.ย However, for numerous reasons in addition to the problems discussed in this article, community college students either do not transfer to four year institutions or graduate with a bachelor’s degree.

For the students, community colleges can be a good route” to a four-year degree, but to make it work, students need to actively seek out support and guidance.

 

์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€๋Š” 4๋…„์ œ ํ•™๊ต ํŽธ์ž…์— ๋””๋”ค๋Œ์ด ๋˜๋‚˜?

๋งŒ์•ฝ์— ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜ ๊ฐ€๊ฒฉ์˜ ํ•™๋น„๋งŒ ๋‚ด๊ณ  ๋Œ€ํ•™ ํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋“ ์ง€ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ€์งˆ ๊ฒƒ ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

80 ํผ์„ผํŠธ ์ด์ƒ์˜ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ย  ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์— ์ž…ํ•™ํ•˜๋ฉด ๋งˆ์นจ๋‚ด 4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์—์„œ ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ์–ป์„ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋ผ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ปฌ๋Ÿผ๋น„์•„ ์‚ฌ๋ฒ”๋Œ€ํ•™์˜ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ์„ผํ„ฐ์—์„œ ์ตœ๊ทผ ๋ฐœํ‘œํ•œ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉด, ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ๋ชฉํ‘œ๋ฅผ ์ด๋ฃจ์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹คํŒจํ•œ๋‹ค๋Š” ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

2007๋…„๋„์— ์ฒ˜์Œ์œผ๋กœ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์— ์ž…ํ•™ํ•ด์„œ ํ•™์œ„ ์ทจ๋“์„ ํฌ๋งํ•œ ๋Œ€๋žต 72๋งŒ๋ช…์˜ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค ์ค‘ 3๋ถ„์˜ 1 ๊ฐ€๋Ÿ‰๋งŒ์ด ์‹ค์ œ๋กœ 4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์œผ๋กœ ํŽธ์ž…ํ–ˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ, ์˜ค์ง 42% ๊ฐ€๋Ÿ‰์˜ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค๋งŒ 6๋…„ ์ด๋‚ด์— ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. —์ด๊ฒƒ์€ 4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์— ์ž…ํ•™ํ•œ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์˜ 60% ๊ฐ€๋Ÿ‰์ด ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์— ํœ ์”ฌ ๋ชป ๋ฏธ์น˜๋Š” ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋Œ€ํ•™ ํ•™์œ„ ์ทจ๋“์„ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ฒ˜์Œ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€๋ฅผ ์„ ํƒํ•œ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค ์ „์ฒด๋ฅผ ํ†ตํ‹€์–ด ์˜ค์ง 14 %๋งŒ์ด 6๋…„ ์ด๋‚ด์— ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋„ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์„ผํ„ฐ ์ˆ˜์„ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ์›์ธ ๋ฐ์ด๋น„์Šค ์  ํ‚จ์Šค๋Š” ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๋งŽ์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ํ˜„ ํŽธ์ž… ์ œ๋„์— ์˜ํ•ด 4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์œผ๋กœ ํŽธ์ž…์— ์‹คํŒจ ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœํ‘œํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€๋กœ ๊ฐˆ ๊ณ„ํš์„ ๊ฐ–๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ํฌ์†Œ์‹์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.ย ย  ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ผ์ง€ ์ˆ˜ํƒ์ž ํ˜‘ํšŒ ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šด ํšŒ์žฅ์€ ๋งŽ์€4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต๋“ค์ด ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ค€ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„ (associateโ€™s degree)๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ•˜๊ณ ย  ๋Œ€ํ•™์—์„œ ์ˆ˜๋ฐ˜ํ•˜๋Š” ์ •๋ณด๋“ค์„ ์ž˜ ์•Œ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋•๋Š”๋ฐ ์ดˆ์ ์„ ๋‘๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

 

์„ผํŠธ๋Ÿด ํ”Œ๋กœ๋ฆฌ๋‹ค ๋Œ€ํ•™์€ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ง€์—ญ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ์™€ ์ฃผ๋ฆฝ ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ณผ ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๋งบ๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.ย  ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„ ๋”ฐ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์›ํ•˜๋Š” ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์— ๋“ฑ๋กํ•  ๋•Œ Direct Connect๋ผ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์— ๊ฐ€์ž…ํ•˜๋„๋ก ์‹ ์ฒญ์„œ์— ํ‘œ์‹œํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ ์ค€ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„ (associateโ€™s degree)์ทจ๋“์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ 4๋…„์ œ๋กœ์˜ ์ž…ํ•™์„ ๋ณด์žฅ ๋ฐ›์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

๋Œ€ํ•™ ํ•™์žฅ ๋ฐ ์ˆ˜์„ ๋ถ€์‚ฌ์žฅ ๋ฐ์ผ ํœ˜ ํƒœ์ปค์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋ฉด, Direct Connect ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์— ๋“ฑ๋ก๋œ ํ•™์ƒ์˜ ์•ฝ 71%๊ฐ€ย  ํŽธ์ž… ๊ณผ์ • 6๋…„ ์ด๋‚ด์— ํ•™๊ต๋ฅผ ์กธ์—…ํ–ˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

โ€œ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ œ์™ธ์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ํฌํ•จ์‹œํ‚ด์œผ๋กœ์จ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์˜ ์„ฑ๊ณต์„ ๊ฐ€๋Š ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€ ๋ผ๊ณ  Whittaker๋Š” ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. โ€œ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๋Œ€ํ•™์ด ์„ฑ๊ณตํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ์˜ˆ์ธก์š”์ธ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฐ€์กฑ ์ˆ˜์ž… ๋ถ€๋ถ„์„ ์ œ์™ธํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ํ•  ๋•Œ ์ด ๊ตฌ์กฐ๊ฐ€ ์ด์น˜์— ๋งž๊ฒŒ ๋  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€

 

๋ช‡๋ช‡ ์ฃผ์š” ๊ธฐ๊ด€์—์„œ๋„ ๋น„์Šทํ•œ ๋‹จ๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๋ฐŸ์•„๋‚˜๊ฐ€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฑ„ํ”Œ ํž์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๋…ธ์Šค ์บ๋กค๋ผ์ด๋‚˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™๊ต๋Š”4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์œผ๋กœ ํŽธ์ž…์„ ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์กธ์—…์„ ํ•˜๋Š” ์ €์†Œ๋“์ธต ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ๋น„๋ก Direct Connect๋ณด๋‹ค ์ž‘์€ ๊ทœ๋ชจ์ด๊ธด ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ์ด์™€ ๋น„์Šทํ•œ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ํ”„๋กœ๊ทธ๋žจ์— ์ฐธ์—ฌ ํ•˜๋Š” ํ•™์ƒ์€ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์— ๋“ฑ๋กํ•˜๊ณ  ํ‰๊ท  3.2 ์ด์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ค€ํ•™์‚ฌ ํ•™์œ„ (associateโ€™s degree)๋ฅผ ์ทจ๋“ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋…ธ์Šค ์บ๋กค๋ผ์ด๋‚˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™์€ ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ด ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๋™์•ˆ ๊ทธ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์ž๋ฌธ์„ ๋ณด๋‚ด์ฃผ๊ณ  ๋…ธ์Šค ์บ๋กค๋ผ์ด๋‚˜ ๋Œ€ํ•™์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐ๋ ค ์˜ต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

โ€œ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ํŽธ์ž… ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์ดย  ๋ช‡ ๋…„ ๋™์•ˆ ์ด๋ฏธ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์—ˆ๋˜ ๋Œ€ํ™” ์†์œผ๋กœ ๋งˆ์น˜ ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ฑธ์–ด ๋“ค์–ด๊ฐ€๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋Š๋ผ๊ฒŒ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€ ๋ผ๊ณ  ๋“ฑ๋ก ๋ฐ ํ•™๋ถ€ ์ž…ํ•™ ๋‹ด๋‹น ํ•™์žฅ์ธ ์Šคํ‹ฐ๋ธ ํŒŒ๋จธ๋Š” ๋งํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

 

์ •๋ถ€ ์ง€์›๊ธˆ์ด ์‚ญ๊ฐ๋จ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ 4๋…„ ์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™๋“ค์€ย  ๋“ฑ๋ก๊ธˆ ์ธ์ƒ์„ ํ•ด ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ฃผ๋ฆฝ ๋Œ€ํ•™์„ ๋‹ค๋…”๋˜ ์ค‘์‚ฐ์ธต ๊ฐ€์กฑ๋“ค์€ ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ ์ž๋…€๋“ค์„ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€๋กœ ๋ณด๋‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.ย  ์žฌ์ •๋‚œ์„ ๊ฒช๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š” ์ฃผ์—์„œ๋Š” ์บ ํผ์Šค ์‹ ์ถ• ์ž๊ธˆ ์ง€์›์„ ๊บผ๋ฆฌ๊ณ ,ย  ๋˜ํ•œ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€์™€ ํ†ตํ•ฉํ•˜๋ ค๋Š”ย  ์ผ๋ถ€ 4๋…„์ œ ํ•™๊ต์— ์ •์› ์šฉ๋Ÿ‰ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋„ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

 

์ ์–ด๋„ ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€๋Š” ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์— ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€ ๋น„์šฉ์ด ์ƒ๋Œ€์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋‚ฎ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ข‹์€ ์†Œ์‹์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์†Œ๋น„์ž์—๊ฒŒ ์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ ์นผ๋ฆฌ์ง€๋Š” 4๋…„์ œ ๋Œ€ํ•™์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์  ํ‚จ์Šค๋Š” ๋งํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ค๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด์„œ๋Š” ํ•™์ƒ๋“ค์€ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ง€์›๊ณผ ๊ธธ์žก์ด๋ฅผ ์ฐพ๋„๋ก ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. โ€œ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋…ธ๋ ฅํ•œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์•„์ฃผ ์ข‹์€ ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€